In this course you will learn about the Atomic Structure.
Consisting of Below Topics:
1) Daltons Atomic Theory
2) Thomson's Model: Plum pudding or watermelon model.
3) Gold Foil experiment.
4) Rutherford nuclear model.
5) Atomic number, Atomic Mass, Isobars & Isotopes.
6) Bohr's Model of Atom.
7) Wave Nature of Electromagnetic Reaction.
8) Quantum Theory : Max Plank.
9) Photoelectric Effect.
10) Einstein Photoelectric Effect Equation.
11) Atomic Spectrum.
12) Separation of Hydrogen.
13) Wave Number.
14) Bohr's Model:
i) Postulates ii) Line Spectrum of Hydrogen Atom iii) Drawbacks.
15) De-broglie & Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle.
16) Quantum Mechanic Model.
17) Schrodinger's Equation.
18) Quantum Number.
i) Principle Quantum Number.
ii) Azimuthal Quantum Number.
iii) Magnetic Quantum Number.
iv) Spin Quantum Number.
19) Quantum Mech Model.
i) Aufbau's Principle.
ii) Pauli Exclusion Principle.
iii) Hund's Rule.
20) Electronic Configuration.
21) How to draw Psi vs R, Psi square vs R and Psi squared dV vs R
22) How to Draw Radial Graphs, radial Probability Density and Radial Probability graph
This topic mainly deals with understanding of the basic structure of an atom. It also provides insight to the electron configuration in the given element helping us to establish important properties such as reactivity, acidity / basicity of the elements. We also get introduced to one of the most fundamental concepts of quantum mechanics, atomic orbitals & electron configuration. We learn interesting idea why atomic spectrum acts like finger print of the given element.
We get introduced to fundamental idea of quantum mechanics proposed by eminent Neil Bohr that electron can stay only in fixed energy levels called energy shells & whenever there is a transition between these shells, there is either absorption or emission of electromagnetic radiations.
We touch upon the difference between continuous spectrum & discrete spectrum. We learn about absorption & emission spectrum of the element as well as its importance as finger print of the element in identification. Very important concept of Convergence Limit is also being covered. We understand about various types of atomic orbitals and electron configuration using set of rules viz. Aufbau principle, Hund’s rule & Pauli’s exclusion principle. Interestingly we also study exceptional electron configuration of Chromium & Copper.
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